This method is easy to understand and easy to implement.
It will continue the 'vote for one candidate' option. The election results can now accurately record Canadians' opinions, by simply voting for the candidate/party that is their best choice. We illustrate this method with the result of the 2015 Canadian federal election. Note that a final parliamentary vote on election reform may happen at the end of May.

This shows the Gallagher Index for each party. This electoral system only adds extra seats based on the Gallagher Index score, as well as an after-the-fact Proportional Representation list of non first-past-the-post candidates, chosen in descending order by number of votes that they received on the night of the election. This is strictly an immediately after-the-fact method.

This is a version of the Single Non-Transferable Vote, which in this model usually results in only one candidate per riding. And there will always be local representation. The ballots will be the same as always, and the counting of results will take the same time.
Online Voting: No
Ranked Ballots: No
Strategic Voting: No
Mandatory Voting: No
Preferential Voting: No
Secondary Preference: No
Mixed Member System: No
Single Transferable Vote: No
List Proportional Representation: No

The 2015 database used here from that election is courtesy of the Victoria Computer Club with their caveat that the smaller party results may not be exact.

Total votes = 17,588,959

Party Seats won % Seats % Votes Votes Difference Difference2
Liberal 184 54.44 39.47 6,942,937 14.97 224.10
Conservative 99 29.29 31.92 5,613,633 -2.63 6.92
NDP 44 13.02 19.72 3,469,368 -6.70 44.89
BQ 10 2.96 4.67 821,144 -1.71 2.92
Green 1 0.30 3.41 600,424 -3.11 9.67

338 seats with a Gallagher Index of 12.01

Number of votes for first-past-the-post candidates is 8,484,532 = 48.24%

Seats held by women 88 = 26.04%

All first-past-the-post candidates elected to parliament will be joined by these new additions, which would come from a candidates list of not-first-past-the-post aspirants, sorted by the number of votes that they have received on the night of the election, from and for the very riding in which they were running, this would maintain the geographic link between constituents and elected members.


Party Order Seats Index Riding Votes   New Seats First-Past-the-Post
Conservative 1 100 -2.63 Burlington ON 29,780   Mike Wallace Karina Gould
NDP 2 45 -6.70 Ottawa Centre ON 29,098   Paul Dewar Catherine McKenna
Conservative 4 101 -2.42 Calgary Centre AB 27,746   Joan Crockatt Kent Hehr
Conservative 5 102 -2.30 Oakville ON 27,497   Terence Young John Oliver
Conservative 6 103 -2.10 Whitby ON 27,154   Pat Perkins Celina CaesarChavannes
Conservative 7 104 -1.89 Oakville North-Burlington ON 26,342   Effie Triantafilopoulos Pam Damoff
Conservative 9 105 -1.69 Markham-Stouffville ON 25,565   Paul Calandra Jane Philpott
Conservative 10 106 -1.49 Kelowna-Lake Country BC 25,502   Ron Cannan Stephen Fuhr
Conservative 12 107 -1.28 Northumberland-Peterborough ON 25,165   Adam Moulton Kim Rudd
Conservative 13 108 -1.08 Kanata-Carleton ON 24,829   Walter Pamic Karen McCrimmon
Conservative 14 109 -0.89 Mississauga-Lakeshore ON 24,435   Stella Ambler Sven Spengemann
Conservative 15 110 -0.69 King-Vaughan ON 24,170   Konstantin Toubis Deb Schulte
Conservative 16 111 -0.49 Newmarket-Aurora ON 24,057   Lois Brown Kyle Peterson
Conservative 17 112 -0.30 London West ON 24,036   Ed Holder Kate Young
Conservative 18 113 -0.10 Orleans ON 23,821   Royal Galipeau Andrew Leslie
Green 20 2 -3.11 Victoria BC 23,666   Jo-Ann Roberts Murray Rankin
NDP 22 46 -6.48 Parkdale-High Park ON 23,566   Peggy Nash Arif Virani
NDP 38 47 -6.76 Toronto-Danforth ON 22,325   Craig Scott Julie Dabrusin
NDP 47 48 -6.52 Kamloops-Thompson-Cariboo BC 21,466   Bill Sundhu Cathy McLeod
NDP 56 49 -6.27 Davenport ON 20,506   Andrew Cash Julie Dzerowicz
NDP 61 50 -6.03 St. John's East NL 20,328   Jack Harris Nick Whalen
NDP 62 51 -5.79 Acadie-Bathurst NB 20,079   Jason Godin Serge Cormier
NDP 77 52 -5.55 Oshawa ON 19,339   Mary Fowler Colin Carrie
NDP 81 53 -5.32 Halifax NS 19,162   Megan Leslie Andy Fillmore
BQ 86 11 -1.71 (2) Laurentides-Labelle QC 18,792   Johanne Regimbald David Graham
NDP 92 54 -5.08 Nickel Belt ON 18,556   Claude Gravelle Marc Serre
BQ 96 12 -1.64 Beloeil-Chambly QC 18,387   Yves Lessard Matthew Dube
NDP 103 55 -4.88 Sarnia-Lambton ON 18,102   Jason McMichael Marilyn Gladu
NDP 107 56 -4.69 North Okanagan-Shuswap BC 17,907   Jacqui Gingras Mel Arnold
NDP 109 57 -4.46 Mirabel QC 17,873   Mylene Freeman Simon Marcil
NDP 112 58 -4.23 (2) Saint-Jean QC 17,555   Hans Marotte Jean Rioux
NDP 115 59 -4.00 Hull-Aylmer QC 17,472   Nycole Turmel Greg Fergus
BQ 117 13 -1.38 Salaberry-Suroit QC 17,452   Claude DeBellefeuille Anne Minh-Thu Quach
NDP 126 60 -3.77 Niagara Centre ON 17,218   Malcolm Allen Vance Badawey
NDP 129 61 -3.59 Beaches-East York ON 17,113   Matthew Kellway Nathaniel Erskine-Smith
NDP 130 62 -3.37 Riviere-des-Mille-Iles QC 17,111   Laurin Liu Linda Lapointe
NDP 131 63 -3.14 Riviere-du-Nord QC 17,077   Pierre Dionne Labelle Rheal Fortin
NDP 142 64 -2.92 Ahuntsic-Cartierville QC 16,684   Maria Mourani Melanie Joly
NDP 143 65 -2.70 (3) Laurentides-Labelle QC 16,644   Simon-Pierre Landry David Graham
NDP 146 66 -2.48 Sackville-Preston-Chezzetcook NS 16,613   Peter Stoffer Darrell Samson
NDP 152 67 -2.26 St. John's South-Mount Pearl NL 16,467   Ryan Cleary Seamus O'Regan
NDP 153 68 -2.04 Hamilton East-Stoney Creek ON 16,465   Wayne Marston Bob Bratina
BQ 154 14 -1.17 Montarville QC 16,460   Catherine Fournier Michel Picard
NDP 158 69 -1.83 Edmonton Griesbach AB 16,309   Janis Irwin Kerry Diotte
NDP 162 70 -1.66 University-Rosedale ON 15,988   Jennifer Hollett Chrystia Freeland
BQ 165 15 -1.00 Longueuil-Saint-Hubert QC 15,873   Denis Trudel Pierre Nantel
NDP 172 71 -1.44 Lac-Saint-Jean QC 15,735   Gisele Dallaire Denis Lebel
NDP 173 72 -1.28 Brantford-Brant ON 15,715   Marc Laferriere Phil McColeman
BQ 175 16 -0.76 Laurier-Sainte-Marie QC 15,699   Gilles Duceppe Helene Laverdiere
NDP 177 73 -1.07 LaSalle-Emard-Verdun QC 15,566   Helene LeBlanc David Lametti
NDP 179 74 -0.91 Burnaby North-Seymour BC 15,537   Baird Ellan Terry Beech
NDP 184 75 -0.70 Pitt Meadows-Maple Ridge BC 15,450   Bob D'Eith Dan Ruimy
NDP 186 76 -0.49 Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam BC 15,400   Sara Norman Ron McKinnon
NDP 188 77 -0.28 Gatineau QC 15,352   Francoise Boivin Steven MacKinnon
NDP 190 78 -0.08 Compton-Stanstead QC 15,300   Jean Rousseau Marie-Claude Bibeau
BQ 192 17 -0.54 Therese-De Blainville QC 15,238   Alain Marginean Ramez Ayoub
BQ 197 18 -0.36 La Prairie QC 15,107   Christian Picard Jean-Claude Poissant
BQ 201 19 -0.11 (3) Saint-Jean QC 14,979   Denis Hurtubise Jean Rioux
Green 240 3 -2.85 Nanaimo-Ladysmith BC 14,074   Paul Manly Sheila Malcolmson
Green 261 4 -2.65 Esquimalt-Saanich-Sooke BC 13,575   Frances Litman Randall Garrison
Green 379 5 -2.40 Cowichan-Malahat-Langford BC 10,462   Fran Hunt-Jinnouchi Alistair MacGregor
Green 468 6 -2.16 Courtenay-Alberni BC 8,201   Glen Sollitt Gord Johns
Green 478 7 -1.91 Guelph ON 7,909   Gord Miller Lloyd Longfield
Green 570 8 -1.66 Thunder Bay-Superior North ON 6,155   Bruce Hyer Patty Hajdu
Green 587 9 -1.42 West Vancouver-Sunshine BC 5,907   Ken Melamed Pamela Goldsmith-Jones
Green 593 10 -1.18 Fredericton NB 5,804   Mary Lou Babineau Matt DeCourcey
Green 612 11 -0.93 Vancouver East BC 5,395   Wes Regan Jenny Kwan
Green 618 12 -0.69 North Vancouver BC 5,350   Claire Martin Jonathan Wilkinson
Green 640 13 -0.45 Les Patriotes-Vercheres QC 5,056   JiCi Lauzon Xavier Barsalou-Duval
Green 645 14 -0.22 North Island-Powell River BC 4,940   Brenda Sayers Rachel Blaney

Party Seats won % Seats % Votes Votes Difference Difference2
Liberal 184 → 184 54.44 → 45.10 39.47 6,942,937 5.63 31.70
Conservative 99 → 113 29.29 → 27.70 31.92 5,613,633 -4.22 17.81
NDP 44 → 78 13.02 → 19.12 19.72 3,469,368 -0.60 0.36
BQ 10 → 19 2.96 → 4.66 4.67 821,144 -0.01 0.00
Green 1 → 14 0.30 → 3.43 3.41 600,424 0.02 0.00

338 → 408 seats (20.71% seat increase) with a Gallagher Index from 12.01 → 4.99

Votes counted 8,484,532 + 1,235,658, percentage from 48.24% → 55.26%

Seats held by women 88 → 112 from 26.04% → 27.45%

Seat allocation by Province

Province Count Percentage
British Columbia 42 → 57 12.43% → 13.97%
Alberta 34 → 36 10.06% → 8.82%
Saskatchewan 13 → 13 3.85% → 3.19%
Manitoba 14 → 14 4.14% → 3.43%
Ontario 123 → 149 36.39% → 36.52%
Quebec 77 → 98 22.78% → 24.02%
New Brunswick 10 → 12 2.96% → 2.94%
Prince Edward Island 4 → 4 1.18% → 0.98%
Nova Scotia 11 → 13 3.25% → 3.19%
Newfoundland Labrador 7 → 9 2.07% → 2.21%
Yukon Territory 1 → 1 0.30% → 0.25%
Northwest Territory 1 → 1 0.30% → 0.25%
Nunavut 1 → 1 0.30% → 0.25%
Party Graphs

A short explanation of the new results.

It is clear that the Liberal majority of 54% has been reduced to 45% but not to 39% as might be expected. That is because this method only adds seats to create a more correct proportionality. The Conservative Party has added 14 seats, the New Democratic Party has added 34 seats, the BQ has added 9 seats and the Green Party has added 13 seats. Note that this is thinking outside the box if we are talking of the box as 338 seats. This is thinking inside the box if we are talking of the box as 338 ridings.

Where will these new MP's sit? Parliament will be in their temporary lodgings by 2019 and there will be plenty of seating available in the courtyard of the West Block. A voter simply votes as before, confident that there choice of party will be proportionally represented in the House of Commons.

Under the Parliament of Canada Act, when a seat in the House becomes vacant, a by-election is called. Now what happens if we lose an MP but may still have a second MP who also represents that riding. Under this new paradigm, one riding may not equal one seat.

If you think the index limit should be other than -0.01 then you have the choice to use other limits. Simply click one of the red maple leaf links to use a different index limit.

This can facilitate the representation of minority parties and independents, giving parties that normally receive a lower percentage of votes a better chance of electing candidates in a fairer proportion. We now have multi-member ridings. Which ridings they are, is dependent on an after-the-fact riding result based on which not-first-past-the-post candidate has the most votes.
Note also in this example, we find that the QC ridings of Laurentides-Labelle and Saint-Jean will now have three MP's, Liberal, BQ and NDP. The Laurentides-Labelle electorate would now have 86.77% of their votes count and the Saint-Jean electorate would have 85.29% of their votes count.

Proportional Representation is the simplest solution for Canada.

WebPage courtesy of Totem Consulting www.totemconsulting.ca