Promise made - Justin Trudeau speaks in 2015

'I am proposing that we make every vote count. We are committed to ensuring that the 2015 election will be the last federal election using first past the post.'

Promise abandoned - Maryam Monsef speaks in 2017

'Because what we had hoped the committee would provide us with would be a specific alternative system to first past the post. Instead they provided us with the Gallagher [Least Square] Index.'

Vote total = 17,569,634.

Party Seats won % Seats % Votes Votes
Liberal 184 54.44 39.41 6,923,612
Conservative 99 29.29 31.95 5,613,633
NDP 44 13.02 19.75 3,469,368
BQ 10 2.96 4.67 821,144
Green 1 0.30 3.42 600,424
Total 338

Here is a specific alternative system to first past the post

Follows is a system that adds seats to existing Ridings from thats Riding's candidates in order to maximize proportional representation.

As of the 2015 Federal Election, we have 338 ridings. And the votes for first-past-the-post candidates sent to Parliament have 48% of all votes cast.

Here is an analysis of the Canadian Federal Election of October 19, 2015

Here is an analysis of the Canadian Federal Election May 2, 2011

Here is an analysis of the Canadian Federal Election January 23, 2006

Here is an analysis of the Canadian Federal Election October 25, 1993


After applying this method, we now have these new results.


Party Seats won % Seats % Votes Votes
Liberal 184 → 184 54.44 → 50.00 39.41 6,923,612
Conservative 99 → 103 29.29 → 27.99 31.95 5,613,633
NDP 44 → 65 13.02 → 17.66 19.75 3,469,368
BQ 10 → 10 2.96 → 2.72 4.67 821,144
Green 1 → 6 0.30 → 1.63 3.42 600,424
Total 368

This is an implicit voter-produced list proportional representation where our 338 ridings now have 368 members of parliament. For a few ridings the voters will be assured that their second representative in Parliament has not been selected from outside their riding, but comes from their own riding votes on the day of the election. This Proportional Representation model is the simplest solution for democratic reform.

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